Brander, M., Gillenwater, M. & Ascui, F. Creative accounting: a critical perspective on the market-based method for reporting purchased electricity (scope 2) emissions. Energy Policy 112:29-33 (2018).

Carbon Disclosure Project. Accounting of Scope 2 – Technical notes for companies reporting on climate change on behalf of investors & supply chain members 2013.

Gillenwater, M. Probabilistic decision model of wind power investment and influence of green power market. Energy Policy 63:1111–1125 (2013).

Gillenwater, M., Lu, X. & Fischlein, M. Additionality of wind energy investments in the U.S. voluntary green power market. Renewable Energy 63:452–457 (2014)

WBCSD/WRI, 2004. GHG Protocol – A Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Environmental Value of Purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates Voluntarily (discussion draft, October 2010).

If you would like a copy of the peer-reviewed journal articles referenced here, please email

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